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The Evolution of Vehicular Communication Systems

Emerging vehicle-to-vehicle technology based on Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) -- using the IEEE 802.11p automotive W-Fi standard -- will gradually be introduced in new vehicles, according to the latest market study by ABI Research.

Vehicular communication systems are a new type of wireless network in which vehicles and roadside units are the communicating nodes -- providing each other with information, such as safety warnings and traffic information.

As a cooperative approach, these interactive automated systems can be used for emergency alerts -- to help avoid highway accidents and upcoming traffic congestion.

This proposed technology deployment will be driven by government policy mandates and/or automotive industry initiatives, resulting in a penetration rate of 61.8 percent by 2027.

"In the U.S. market there is a real possibility for a Department of Transportation mandate, depending on the outcome of the large scale V2X trial being held in Michigan," said Dominique Bonte, VP and practice director at ABI Research.

In Europe the CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium -- which counts 12 car OEMS -- has signed a Memorandum of Understanding to deploy cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems and Services (C-ITS) in Europe from 2015.

It's based upon common technical specifications in line with the 2010 EU Directive calling for an urgent implementation of cooperative ITS technology. Similar initiatives exist in Asia (Japan, South Korea and China).

Despite increasing momentum driven by both government regulators and the automotive industry, the deployment of V2V and even more so V2I will take time, as the real safety benefits of V2X only can be realized when a sufficiently large part of the installed vehicle base is connected.

However, complimentary technologies such as ADAS on the low end and cellular connectivity on the high end will allow emulating some of the ITS functionality defined for V2X.

In particular, the rapid emergence of 4G LTE Advanced -- featuring very low latency -- is a good candidate for offering vehicle-to-vehicle communications, awaiting the widespread availability of dedicated V2V technology.

ABI Research now offers quantitative forecast data on Intelligent Transportation Systems, including hardware shipments and revenues, installed base, and penetration rates by region from now to 2027.

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