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Growth Challenges Drive Semiconductor Market M&A

Semiconductors are the heart of information technology and telecommunications systems. Worldwide semiconductor revenue totaled $343.5 billion in 2016 -- that's a 2.6 percent increase from 2015 revenue of $334.9 billion, according to the latest global market study by Gartner.

The top 25 semiconductor vendors' combined revenue increased 10.5 percent, a significantly better performance than the overall industry's growth. However, most of the reported growth resulted from vendor merger and acquisition (M&A) activity.

Semiconductor Sector Market Development

"The semiconductor industry rebounded in 2016, with a weak start to the year, characterized by inventory correction, giving way to strengthening demand and an improving pricing environment in the second half," said James Hines research director at Gartner.

Worldwide semiconductor revenue growth was supported by increasing production in many electronic equipment segments, improving NAND flash memory pricing and relatively benign currency movements.

Intel retained its number one position as the largest semiconductor manufacturer and grew its semiconductor revenue 4.6 percent in 2016. Samsung Electronics continued to maintain the No. 2 spot with 11.7 percent market share.

Consolidation continued to play a major role in the market share rankings, with several large companies growing through acquisitions.

Merger and acquisition activity among the major vendors in 2016 included Avago Technologies' acquisition of Broadcom Corp. to become Broadcom Ltd., On Semiconductor's acquisition of Fairchild Semiconductor, and Western Digital's acquisition of SanDisk.

The largest mover in the top 25 was Broadcom Ltd., which moved up 12 places in the market share ranking.

Gains for Overall Semiconductor Sector

"The combined revenue of the top 25 semiconductor vendors increased by 10.5 percent during 2016 and accounted for a 74.9 percent share, outperforming the rest of the market, which saw a 15.6 percent revenue decline," said Mr. Hines.

However, according to the Gartner assessment, these results are skewed by the large amount of M&A activity during 2015 and 2016. If you adjust for this M&A activity by adding the revenue of each acquired company to the revenue of the acquirer for both 2015 and 2016, then the top 25 vendors would have experienced a 1.9 percent revenue increase, and the rest of the market would have increased by 4.6 percent.

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